Fractures are common and all bones present in our body are prone to get fractured. But there are certain locations where fractures could be serious when compared to others, and one of them is the spine.
Fractures occurring in the spine could also lead to other complications, especially when a nerve is pinched. These conditions may require surgical intervention for the treatment and Orthopaedic Implants may also be used. In this post, we will talk about one such orthopedic condition known as a compression fracture.
This type of fracture could be serious, and if the treatment is delayed or ignored, severe complications may be on the cards. Let us dig deep into the condition.
Compression Fractures – An Overview
A compression fracture is a condition that is characterized by a reduction in height of a vertebra in the spine up to 15-20 % due to fracture. This type of fracture is known to commonly occur due to osteoporosis, a condition in which bones become weak, and hence, they can break easily.
Any vertebra can get affected by this condition while causing pain. The thoracic spine is known to be the most commonly affected region with compression fracture whereas, the level above T7 of the spine is least affected.
What Are the Symptoms Associated with Compression Fractures?
Severe back pain is the most noticed symptom in people with compression, and it is often felt in the middle or lower spine. The pain experienced is sharp and disabling, and it might take months for the pain to disappear. In some cases, people experience loss of height over time and stooped-over posture.
If pressure on the spinal cord occurs, the person would see tingling, weakness, numbing, difficulty in walking and loss of bowel or bladder control.
Now, if the cause of compression fracture is osteoporosis, no symptoms may be noticed in the early stages.
What Are the Causes of Compression Fractures?
As also discussed above, one of the commonest causes of compression fractures is osteoporosis, a condition characterized by brittle or porous bones. Besides this, traumatic injuries to the back could also be the reason for fracture. In some cases, tumors that either start in the spine or spread from any other location can also cause a compression fracture.
How Compression Fractures Are Diagnosed?
The diagnosis is often made by the physical examination at first where the healthcare service provider notices hunched back and difficulty in performing various movements. After that, a spinal x-ray will be done to see actual images of the spine and identify the severity location of the fracture. Sometimes, bone density tests and MRIs are also done.
How Compression Fractures Are Treated?
Medications and calcium supplements are often prescribed to fix the condition at first. Along with this, the doctor may also suggest the use of back braces. Physical therapy often helps to regain strength and flexibility.
When all these treatment methods fail to provide relief, surgery will be recommended by the doctor.
for the content source, contact an Indian-FDA-approved and ISO 13485:2016 certified Orthopedic Trauma Implantsmanufacturer Siora Surgicals Pvt. Ltd. The company has a strong global presence with experience of over 30 years.