What is Type 2 Diabetes - Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and Prevention
If you want to know more about the disease, read this article. In it, you will learn about the Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and Prevention of Type 2 diabetes. Hopefully, it will help you in making an informed decision about your future health. We've compiled some information for you. You can use it to make the right decision about your diabetes treatment. In the meantime, you can learn about the disease and its treatments by using our information.
Among other type 2 diabetes symptoms, pain in the feet is an important sign. Depending on your particular symptoms, peripheral neuropathy, also known as diabetic foot, can lead to painful, numb feet. If left untreated, the condition can lead to serious complications, including amputation. Also, people with diabetes are prone to infections, including skin infections and urinary tract infections. People with diabetes have a higher risk for bacterial infections, such as urinary tract infections.
Glucose meters are devices that measure your blood sugar level. To use them, you must collect a small sample of your blood and place it on a test strip. The device gives you an accurate reading of your blood glucose level. Depending on your age and severity of your diabetes, you may have to check your blood glucose once a day or twice a week. Generally, you can check your blood sugar in the morning, before meals and before bed.
One of the main causes of Type 2 diabetes is insulin resistance. Insulin is a hormone that the body produces to help keep blood sugar levels normal. Insulin resistance occurs when body cells fail to respond properly to changes in blood sugar. The insulin-producing cells become larger and less responsive to insulin. As a result, blood sugar levels are not reduced effectively. Various factors, including inactivity and excessive weight gain, can exacerbate the problem.
People with diabetes also have a slower wound healing rate. This increases the risk of infection. Also, women with diabetes are more likely to experience a miscarriage, stillbirth, or birth defect. They are also more likely to suffer from sleep apnea and hearing issues. Moreover, diabetes damages the brain and is associated with twice the risk of depression. So, the best solution for the condition is to engage in more physical activity.
New Type 2 diabetes treatments are emerging that have several benefits. Some medications help increase insulin production or improve sensitivity to insulin, while others promote weight loss and lower heart disease risk. Although the side effects of new medications vary, they can include increased risk of heart failure, digestive problems, and urinary tract infections. A doctor will discuss these and other options with you. If you've already started taking one of these medications, consider adding other types.
If you're not sure if you have Type 2 diabetes, your doctor may recommend an oral glucose tolerance test. If your blood glucose levels remain at 140 mg/dL or higher after two hours, then you may be at risk for diabetes. While everyone's blood contains glucose at all times, it is only in high concentrations that glucose levels are dangerous. Sugar is used by the brain to power the body and fuels muscles during high-intensity exercise.
Preventing Type 2 diabetes requires a multi-faceted approach. Several dietary and lifestyle changes can help protect against this chronic disease. For instance, sulfonylureas, or diabetes medications, help stimulate the pancreas to produce more insulin. Examples of such drugs include glipizide, glimepiride, tolbutamide, and metformin. This type of medication has been shown to delay the onset of diabetes and may even reverse some of its complications.
Lifestyle changes may prevent Type 2 diabetes in individuals at high risk of developing the disease. Those with impaired glucose tolerance are considered high-risk subjects and are at higher risk for developing Type 2 diabetes. The use of an oral glucose-tolerance test may detect these subjects. In such cases, lifestyle interventions may be particularly effective. In Finland, researchers evaluated the effect of lifestyle changes among subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. A recent study, the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study, has found that some lifestyle modifications are effective at preventing the development of Type 2 diabetes.